In the second of our snapshot series exploring coal’s role in countries across the globe, we take a look at Turkey – a transcontinental country with around 82 million people and a rapidly expanding economy.
Key energy facts
- Turkey is the 18th largest energy consumer in the world.
- According to the IEA, the country’s total primary energy supply (TPES) is 31% oil, 28.1% coal, 28.1% natural gas, 4.2% hydro, 6.3% geothermal, 2.3% biofuels and waste.
- Fossil fuels account for over 87% of the country’s energy mix.
- Last year, Turkey’s electricity generation by source was 36.8% coal, 29.8% natural gas and 32.9% renewables.
- Coal was the largest single source for power generation.
Coal capacity and forecasts
- Turkey is the biggest user of coal-fired power among countries in the Middle East, with the capacity of existing plants estimated to be 18.5 GW.
- Coal demand in Turkey is projected to rise at an average annual rate of 3.3% to 2023. Coal production is also projected to increase from 22 to 28 Mtce (Megatons of Coal Equivalent) through to 2023.
Climate policies and environmental issues
Find out more about countries that have identified a role for HELE technologies in their Paris Agreement targets here.