World Coal Association
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Coal Statistics

Coal provides around 30.1% of global primary energy needs, generates over 40% of the world's electricity and is used in the production of 70% of the world's steel.

Total Global Coal Production

  • 7823Mt (2013e)
  • 7794Mt (2012)
  • 4677Mt (1990)

Top Ten Coal Producers (2013e)

PR China3561MtRussia347Mt
USA904MtSouth Africa256Mt
India613MtGermany191Mt
Indonesia489MtPoland143Mt
Australia459MtKazakhstan120Mt

Total world coal production reached a record level of 7822.8Mt in 2013, increasing by 0.4% in comparison to the previous year.

Top Ten Steam Coal Producers (2013e)

PR China3034MtAustralia239Mt
USA756MtRussia201Mt
India526MtKazakhstan103Mt
Indonesia486MtColombia81Mt
South Africa255MtPoland65Mt

Top Ten Coking Coal Producers (2013e)

PR China527MtCanada34Mt
Australia158MtMongolia20Mt
USA78MtUkraine20Mt
Russia73MtKazakhstan12Mt
India42MtPoland12Mt

Top Ten Brown Coal Producers (2013e)

Germany183MtAustralia63Mt
Russia73MtGreece54Mt
USA70MtIndia45Mt
Poland66MtCzech Republic40Mt
Turkey63MtSerbia40Mt

Reserves

There are two internationally recognised methods for assessing world coal reserves. The first one is produced by the German Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) and is used by the IEA as the main source of information about coal reserves. The second one is produced by the World Energy Council (WEC) and is used by the BP Statistical Review of World Energy.

According to BGR there are 1052 billion tonnes of coal reserves left, equivalent to 134.5 years of global coal output in 2013. Coal reserves reported by WEC are much lower - 892 billion tonnes, equivalent to 113 years of coal output.

Coal in Electricity Generation (2012)

Coal is the major fuel used for generating electricity worldwide. In 2013 coal was used to generate over 40% of the world's electricity.

Mongolia95%India71%Germany44%
South Africa93%Australia69%USA38%
Poland83%Israel61%UK39%
PR China81%Indonesia48%Japan21%

Coal & Steel

Approximately 15% (over 1.2 billion tonnes) of total coal production is currently used by the steel industry and roughly 70% of total global steel production is dependent on coal.

World Coal Trade

 SteamCokingLignite
2011910Mt286Mt3.7Mt
2012979Mt294Mt6.9Mt
20131028Mt301Mt4.8Mt

Top Coal Exporters (2013e)

 Total of whichSteamCoking
Indonesia426Mt423Mt3Mt
Australia336Mt182Mt154Mt
Russia141Mt118Mt22Mt
USA107Mt47Mt60Mt
Colombia74Mt73Mt1Mt
South Africa72Mt72Mt0Mt
Canada37Mt4Mt33Mt

Top Coal Importers (2013e)

 Total of whichSteamCoking
PR China327Mt250Mt77Mt
Japan196Mt142Mt54Mt
India180Mt142Mt38Mt
South Korea126Mt95Mt31Mt
Chinese Tapei68Mt61Mt7Mt
Germany51Mt43Mt8Mt
UK50Mt44Mt6Mt

Sources: BP, IEA, World Steel Association, WEC
(e = estimated) (Mt = Million tonnes)

September 2014