World Coal Association
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Coal Statistics

Coal provides around 30% of global primary energy needs, generates 41% of the world's electricity and is used in the production of 70% of the world's steel.

Total Global Coal Production

  • 7831Mt (2012e)
  • 7608Mt (2011)
  • 4677 (1990)

Top Ten Coal Producers (2012e)

PR China3549MtRussia359Mt
USA935MtSouth Africa259Mt
India595MtGermany197Mt
Indonesia443MtPoland144Mt
Australia421MtKazakhstan126Mt

Total world coal production reached a record level of 7831Mt in 2012, increasing by 2.9% in comparison to previous year.

Top Ten Steam Coal Producers (2012e)

PR China3039MtRussia201Mt
USA782MtAustralia200Mt
India504MtKazakhstan108Mt
Indonesia440MtColombia85Mt
South Africa258MtPoland68Mt

Top Ten Coking Coal Producers (2012e)

PR China510MtCanada31Mt
Australia147MtMongolia21Mt
USA81MtUkraine18Mt
Russia75MtKazakhstan13Mt
India47MtPoland12Mt

Top Ten Brown Coal Producers (2012e)

Germany185MtPoland64Mt
Russia78MtGreece62Mt
Australia73MtCzech Republic43Mt
USA72MtIndia43Mt
Turkey66MtSerbia38Mt

Reserves

There are two internationally recognised methods for assessing world coal reserves. The first one is produced by the German Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) and is used by the IEA as the main source of information about coal reserves. The second one is produced by the World Energy Council (WEC) and is used by the BP Statistical Review of World Energy.

According to BGR there are 1038 billion tonnes of coal reserves left, equivalent to 132 years of global coal output in 2012. Coal reserves reported by WEC are much lower - 861 billion tonnes, equivalent to 109 years of coal output.

Coal in Electricity Generation

Coal is the major fuel used for generating electricity worldwide. In 2012 coal was used to generate 41% of the world's electricity.

Mongolia98%Australia69%USA43%
South Africa94%India68%Germany43%
Poland86%Israel59%UK29%
PR China81%Indonesia44%Japan27%

Coal & Steel

Approximately 13% (over 1 billion tonnes) of total coal production is currently used by the steel industry and roughly 70% of total global steel production is dependent on coal.

World Coal Trade

 SteamCokingLignite
2010789Mt282Mt5Mt
2011857Mt283Mt4Mt
2012963Mt290Mt3Mt

Top Coal Exporters (2012e)

 Total of whichSteamCoking
Indonesia383Mt380Mt3Mt
Australia301Mt159Mt142Mt
Russia134Mt116Mt18Mt
USA114Mt51Mt63Mt
Colombia82Mt82Mt0Mt
South Africa74Mt74Mt0Mt
Canada35Mt4Mt31Mt

Top Coal Importers (2012e)

 Total of whichSteamCoking
PR China289Mt218Mt71Mt
Japan184Mt132Mt52Mt
India160Mt123Mt37Mt
South Korea125Mt94Mt31Mt
Chinese Tapei64Mt56Mt8Mt
Germany45Mt36Mt9Mt
UK45Mt40Mt5Mt

Sources: BP, IEA, World Steel Association, WEC
(e = estimated) (Mt = Million tonnes)

August 2013