Economic development involves the increased use of highly energy intensive materials, such as steel, cement, glass and aluminium. These materials are necessary for the construction and development of transport, energy, housing and water management infrastructure. Coal is the most widely used source of energy in energy-intensive industries and is important in the development of modern infrastructure in growing economies. Coal is also an important component of global steel production which is critical in the construction of modern infrastructure such as transport, residential housing and commercial buildings.
Download the full Coal Matters: Coal and Modern Infrastructure fact sheet.